Margaret Elizabeth Egan

Z WikiKnihovna
Margaret Elizabeth EganMargaret Egan.png
 
Indianapolis, USA
Datum a
místo úmrtí
26. ledna 1959
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  infarkt
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  USA
  americké
Vzdělání University of Cincinnati, Yale university, University of Chicago
Pracoviště Cincinnati Public Library, Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago, Library Quarterly, School of Library Science at Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio
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Známý pro článek "Foundation of a Theory of Bibliography", první použití termínu sociální epistemologie v souvisloti s knivovnictví

Margaret Elizabet Egan(*14.3.1905 - 26.1.1959) byla americkou knihovnicí a komunikační odbornicí. Proslavila se především díky článku "Foundation of a Theory of Bibliography" publikovaném v Library Quarterly v roce 1952, na kterém se podílela s kolegou Jesee Hauk Sherou.

Život

Margaret se narodila v Indianapolis ve státě Indiana do rodiny Franka L. a Mary Elizabeth Treat Egan. Mezi lety 1933 - 1940 byla zaměstnána jako poradce čtenářů ve Veřejné knihovně v Cincinnaty, kde na tamní univerzitě v roce 1939 získala B.A.. Studia dokončila na univerzitě Yale (1940-1941) a na Graduate Library School (GLS) na univerzitě v Chicagu(1941-1943). V roce 1943 se jako knihovnice přidala k Industrial Relations Center of the University of Chicago a začala učit na částečný úvazek v GLS. Na podzim roku 1946 byla Ralphem Bealsem jmenována asistentem na plný úvazek a od roku 1952 do roku 1955 sloužila jako spolupracovník editora v Library Quarterly pod vydavatestvím Leona Carnovského. V roce 1955 opustila Chicago a připojila se ke kolegovi Jeseemu Sheerovi na School of Library Science ve Western Reserve University v Clevelandu ve státě Ohio jako vědecká pracovnice nově vytvořeného centra Center for Documentation and Communication Research (CDCR). Zemřela na infarkt dne 26. ledna 1959, ve věku 53 let.

Dílo

Význam

Egan a Shera ve Foundations of Theory of Bibliography (FTB) identifikovali disciplinární propast mezi ekonomikou materiálních a intelektuálních produktů, proto zavedli novou disciplínu – sociální epistemologii. Disciplína definuje vztahy mezi ekonomikou, sociologií, psychologií a tradiční epistemologií. Po Eganine smrti bývají veškeré zásluhy za přínos sociální epistemologie přisuzovány pouze Sherovi. Egan v některých citací společné práce FTB nebývá zmíněna ani jako spoluautor, proto začíná výzkum, kdo s myšlenkou sociální epistemologie vlastně přišel.

Práce “A Brilliant Mind”: Margaret Egan and Social Epistemology od Jonathan Furner1, nám představuje Margaret Egan jako průkopnici v informační vědě a knihovnictví. Dále se snaží prokázat pravdivost tezí, že Margaret je strůjcem myšlenky sociální epistemologie a Jesee Shera pouze zkompiloval její myšlenky. Rozsah intelektuální převahy a vlivu nad Sherou se Furner snaží prokázat na rozborech Margaretin děl a Sherových příspěvků.

Shera na nařčení z kopírování reaguje v příspěvku pro heslo Egan v Dictionary of American Library Biography, kde přiznává, že Margaret definovala termín a pojetí, ale on sám dále sociální epistemologii generalizovat, a proto ocenění za tento přínos do knihovnictví patří jemu. S tímto výrokem si sám Shera protiřečí ve své práci Sociological Foundations of Librarianship, kde veškerá pojetí, ale i samotný název sociální epistemologie proklamuje jako svoji vlastní myšlenku.

Kromě poukázání na neshodnost Sherových výroků Furner využívá citační analýzy společných textů, kvantitativní a kvalitativní analýzy textů obou autorů.

Publikace1

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  •          Egan, M. E. (1937). An experiment in advisory service and graded reading in the C.C.C. camps. Library Quarterly, 7(4), 471–491.
  •          Fihe, P. J., Egan, M. E., MacLean, H. H., & Chancellor, J. M. (Eds.). (1939). Books for adult beginners; Compiled by the staff of the Readers’ Bureau of the Cincinnati Public Library. Chicago: American Library Association.
  •          Egan, M. E., Butler, P., Davies, D. W., Keck, L. L., & Whitmarsh, A. (1947). Special materials: A symposium. In H. H. Fussler (Ed.), Library buildings for library service: Papers presented before the Library Institute at the University of Chicago, August 5–10, 1946;(pp. 71–75). Chicago: American Library Association.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1948). [Review of the book How to take, keep and use notes, by J. Edwin Holmstrom]. Library Quarterly, 18(4), 298.
  •          Egan, M. E., Wheeler, J. L., Bennett, W., & Shera, J. H. (1948). Survey of the Saginaw Library System: Final report. Saginaw, MI: Hoyt Memorial Library.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Shera, J. H. (1949). Prolegomena to bibliographic control.Journal of Cataloging and Classifi cation, 5(2), 17–19.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1950). Documentation in the United States. American Documentation, 1(1), 8–12.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1950). [Review of the book Documentation, by S. C. Bradford]. Library Quarterly, 20(3), 204–205.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1950). The United States report on national and international bibliographic problems. American Documentation, 1(3), 146–151.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Shera, J. H. (1950). [Review of the books Standards of bibliographical description, by Curt F. Bühler, James G. McManaway, and Lawrence C. Wroth, and Principles of bibliographic description, by Fredson Bowers]. College & Research Libraries, 11(4), 399–401.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1950/1951). The United States report on national and international bibliographic problems. In J. H. Shera (Ed.), Report of the United States delegate to the UNESCO conference on the improvement of bibliographic services, Paris, France, November 7–10, 1950, Appendix B. Chicago: Graduate Library School, University of Chicago.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1951). [Review of the books United States government publications, by Anne M. Boyd, 3rd ed., rev. by Rae Elizabeth Rips, and Manual of government publications: United States and foreign, by Everett S. Brown].College & Research Libraries, 12(2), 202–203.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (Eds.). (1951). Bibliographic organization: Papers presented before the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School, July 24–29, 1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1951). Preface. In J. H. Shera & M. E. Egan (Eds.), Bibliographic organization: Papers presented before the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School, July 24–29, 1950(pp. v-ix).
  •          Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1951). Synthesis and summary. In J. H. Shera & M. E. Egan
  •         (Eds.), Bibliographic organization: Papers presented before the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School, July 24–29, 1950 (pp. 253–265). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E.. (1951). Chicago conference on bibliographic organization.American Documentation, 2(1), 5–7.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1951). Bibliographical development in the social sciences. American Documentation, 2(1), 11–18.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1951). The present state of bibliography in the United States: A condensation of the U.S. report on national and international bibliographic problems. ALA Bulletin, 45(2), 52–55.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Shera, J. H. (1952). Foundations of a theory of bibliography. Library Quarterly, 22(2), 125–137.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1953). Subject headings in specialized fi elds: Needs, problems, and relationships to general subject headings. In M. F. Tauber (Ed.), The subject analysis of library materials: Papers presented at an institute, June 24–28, 1952, under the sponsorship of the School of Library Service, Columbia University, and the A.L.A. Division of Cataloging and Classifi cation(pp. 83–99). New York: School of Library Service, Columbia University.
  •          Egan, M. E. (Ed.). (1953). The communication of specialized information: Papers presented at the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago, August 11–15, 1952. American Documentation, 4 (3/4).
  •          Egan, M. E. (1953). Preface. American Documentation, 4(3), ii.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1953). The use of social data by business, fi nance, and industry.

American Documentation, 4(4), 147–154.

  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1953). A review of the present state of librarianship and documentation. In S. C. Bradford, Documentation (2nd ed., pp. 11–45). London: Crosby, Lockwood.
  •          Egan, M. E. (Ed.). (1953/1954). The communication of specialized information: Papers presented before the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago, August 11–15, 1952. Chicago:Graduate Library School, University of Chicago.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1953/1954). Preface. In M. E. Egan (Ed.), The communica-
  •         tion of specialized information: Papers presented before the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago, August 11–15, 1952 (pp. iii-iv). Chicago: Graduate Library School, University of Chicago.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1953/1954). The use of social data by business, fi nance, and industry. In M. E. Egan (Ed.), The communication of specialized information: Papers presented before the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago, August 11–15, 1952(pp. 88–99).Chicago: Graduate Library School, University of Chicago.
  •          Egan, M. E., Focke, H. M., Shera, J. H., & Tauber, M. F. (1956). Education for librarianship—Its present status. In J. H. Shera, A. Kent, & J. W. Perry (Eds.), Documentation in action: Conference on the practical utilization of recorded knowledge—Present and future (pp. 54–67). New York: Reinhold.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Henkle, H. H. (1956). Ways and means in which research workers, executives, and others use information. In J. H. Shera, A. Kent, & J. W. Perry (Eds.), Documentation in action: Conference on the practical utilization of recorded knowledge—Present and future (pp. 137–159). New York: Reinhold.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1956). Education for librarianship of the future. In J. H. Shera, A. Kent, & J. W. Perry (Eds.), Documentation in action: Conference on the practical utilization of recorded knowledge—Present and future (pp. 197–209). New York: Reinhold.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1956). The classifi ed catalog: Basic principles and practices. Chicago: American Library Association.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1956). The library and social structure.Library Quarterly, 25(1), 15–22.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1956, December 1). Librarian’s dilemma. Saturday Review, pp. 72–73.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1958). [Review of the book Guide to unpublished research materials: Lectures delivered at a vacation course of the University of London School of Librarianship and Archives in April, 1956, ed. Ronald Staveley]. Library Quarterly, 28(1), 67–68.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1958). The classifi ed catalog [Response to Andrew Osborn’s review of Shera and Egan’s The classifi ed catalog]. Library Resources & Technical Services, 2(1), 55.
  •          Shera, J. H. & Egan, M. E. (1953/1958). Examen del estado actual de la biblioteconomia y de la documentatión [A review of the present state of librarianship and documentation]. Santa Fe, Argentina: Centro de Documentación e Información de Asuntos Municipales Doctor Alcides Greca.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Shera, J. H. (1952/1965). Foundations of a theory of bibliography. In D. J. Foskett (Ed.), Libraries and the organization of knowledge (pp. 18–33). London: Crosby Lockwood.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1956/1974). Education for librarianship of the future. In M. M. Reynolds and E. H. Daniel (Eds.), Reader in library and information services (pp. 515–528). Englewood, CO: Microcard Editions.
  •          Egan, M. E. & Shera, J. H. (1952/1975). Foundations of a theory of bibliography. In V. J. Brenni (Ed.), Essays on bibliography  (pp. 48–62). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow.
  •          Egan, M. E. (1956/1978). The library and social structure. In D. Gerard (Ed.), Libraries in society: A reader (pp. 27–38). London: Clive Bingley.

Zdroje

1. FURNER Jonathan. „A brilliant Mind“: Margaret Egan and Social Epistemology, In: Library trends(online). Los Angeles, Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, University of California. Vol. 52, No. 4, 2004, str 792-809 Dostupné z: http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.muni.cz/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=c35c1d1a-df70-4615-9024-bdcb7b475ff2@sessionmgr103&hid=126